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November 4 - December 21
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November 4 - December 21
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November 4 - December 21
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November 4 - December 21
Climate Smart Agriculture
November 4 - December 21
Community Based DRR
November 4 - December 21

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100 Projects: The Best of 3 Years of Partner Field Projects

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Forest & People Centered Adaptation to Climate Change: e-learning Courses Begin September 4

Forests can provide tremendous environmental services to adjacent communities. They help rainwater percolate into soil and groundwater systems that that charge village springs and reduce flooding. Forests provide protection, livelihoods, food and fuel.

Communities don’t always understand the importance of forests, but it is essential for community members to be at the center of any restoration or conservation effort. They need to be involved in the assessment of forest health, the determination of risks and challenges caused by deforestation, in the design of restoration and conservation projects, and in their co-management. This community based approach builds ownership and the long-term stewardship that is necessary for positive impact and sustainability.

Join students from all over the world for an intensive series of courses in Community Based Development that begin September 4, 2012. In these courses students identify local community vulnerabilities, identify risks and hazards, investigate appropriate solutions, develop full projects, launch and manage them.
Forest-focused projects developed by course participants have included:
  • watershed reforestation/restoration
  • developing community forest conservation groups
  • village spring protection through tree planting
  • introduction of agroforestry techniques for small scale farmers
  • REDD+ projects
  • forest conservation for ecotourism
  • natural resources management and conservation
Diploma 340: A Module of 4 Courses
In 341 and 342 you will develop projects on the ground, but projects that focus on a community-based approach to development.

OL 343 and 344 you will investigate the special challenges in your adaptation project and refine your project's activities. Build sustainability and impact into your project by fully engaging the community. Learn how to launch, manage and hand-over a project whose impact may not be measured in years, but in decades.

Complete information, course syllabi and course fees can be found at:

Online course participants are using our courses to develop real, on-the-ground projects with real communities—both individually and through North/South student partnerships. People from 135 different countries and 400 organizations haveused CSDi online courses to develop projects impacting 225,000 people.
STEP 1. Enroll in the first course of this series: OL 341.

341 Community Based Adaptation 1: Designing & Funding Community-Based Adaptation Projects.
Gain an insight into contemporary methods of developing community-based, sustainable, impact-oriented projects.

342 Community Based Adaptation: Planning for Impact.
Imbed impact into your adaptation project design with a powerful set of management tools.

343 Community Based Adaptation 3: The Community Focus. Designing & Funding Community-Based Adaptation Projects.
Gain an insight into contemporary methods of developing community-based, sustainable, impact-oriented projects.

344 Community Based Adaptation 4: Sustainable Implementation. How do you launch and implement a community-centered adaptation project?

Learn more about current Forest & CBA field projects, the students, their projects and their communities, by reading our Forest & CBA Newsletter featuring:
1. Bangladesh: Participatory Riparian Forest Management Program
2. Perú: Participatory restoration & conservation of a fragile mangrove ecosystem
3. Agroforestry and Conservation Agriculture for Malawi Food Security
4. Forest Reserve Nigeria: REDD+ | NTFPs | Climate Smart Agroforestry
5. Community Afforestation Program in Bangladesh
6. 300 Hands-On Field Activities for Community Based Adaptation Projects

Questions? Please contact us:


Tim Magee, Executive Director
Center for Sustainable Development

Be sure to visit CSDi’s Development Community. Join 700 colleagues in sharing resources & collaborating online.

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Learn more about design and implementing CBA projects.
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The Center for Sustainable Development specializes in providing sound, evidence-based information, tools and training for humanitarian development professionals worldwide. CSDi is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization.

Africa SD News: Tanzania | Zambia | Kenya | Nigeria | Indigenous Knowledge | Food Security

Africa SD News: Tanzania | Zambia | Kenya | Nigeria | Indigenous Knowledge | Food Security
August 2012
Center for Sustainable Development
August Resource 50 Solution-Oriented Program Templates for Challenges in Relief, Development & Adaptation
Here are a range of solutions in the form of programs and activities that past students have used successfully in addressing project challenges. Feel free to use them, modify them, or develop your own solutions instead. Many of the programs are highly specific to one student's project and will need to be adapted to fit yours. Many of the programs have multiple activities; these are to give you options for customizing your own programs: edit the activities down as you see fit for your project.

Also, be sure to visit:
Student Countries and Project Challenges.
Risk & Vulnerability in a Remote Tanzanian Village
Chris Enns & Catalina Gheorghe are doing a community-based adaptation to climate change project in Wagete village, Tanzania, impacting 4,000 villagers. Their project is a ‘mainstreamed’ project—they are incorporating adaptation to climate change activities into a traditional rural development project. 
They have a healthcare & education component— and for adaptation—a soil and water conservation program, and a farmer extension program. Detailed project outline & great photos at link. They've been determining their risks and vulnerabilities to climate change by combining scientific data with local community knowledge. Chris and the community developed a list of local resources, hazard maps, a seasonal calendar & a historical timeline.
CC Study in Injustice: 10 Million Additional African Children Malnourished by 2050
The World Food Program estimate that globally, 10-20 percent more people will be at risk of hunger by 2050 than would be without climate change. Of these, almost all will be in developing countries, with 65 percent expected to be in Africa. This has severe implications for nutrition, particularly for children.
In sub-Saharan Africa, it is estimated that 10 million more children will be malnourished as a result of climate change.
August Field Guide Agricultural Soil and Water Management for Sloping Land.
Subsistence farmers suffer not only from depleted soils but from challenges with water: too little water, too much water, and erosion from water. This field guide looks at different ways of developing barriers on farm fields for stopping the flow of water so that it can percolate into the soil and build up soil moisture.

These barriers reduce soil erosion by catching topsoil carried by water and offer the added benefit of creating level planting areas behind the barriers as the soil accumulates. Barriers can be terraces, stone and earth walls called bunds, or living barriers such as hedges and grass strips. Follow the link to download the field guide, workshop lesson plan and how-to card.
Do you think that local/indigenous knowledge should be incorporated into adaptation to climate change projects?
Stephen Oluoch, Kenya, met again with his target community to gain a better understanding of their knowledge of climate change, challenges that they are experiencing attributable to climate change, and activities that they have begun on their own using indigenous knowledge to adapt to their changing situation. 

Here is one list that resulted from this participatory exercise:

Vulnerability Matrix 1: What is a prioritization of the community's greatest hazards they face?

  • Unpredictable rainfall during the rainy season makes it difficult for farmers to plan cropping
  • Drought has caused livestock deaths and crop failures or low crop yields
  • Intense sunshine coupled with decreased rainfall causes crops to wilt or ripen early (coconut, banana, and cashew nut)
  • High temperatures causes people to sleep out in the open or with windows opened which increases malaria incidences
  • Unusually heavy rainfall causes pit latrines to overflow and contaminate drinking water increasing diarrhea
  • Shortage of household water
Student Grant Award CSDi student Martin Sishekanu wins grant award for course project
Martin Sishekanu (Zambia) and course partner Ursula Flossmann-Kraus (Germany/Philippines) have just completed the third course of the four course diploma program on Community-Based Adaptation To Climate Change. Students develop documents in the courses which are suitable for presentation to donors—and Martin just got the good news that he has received a grant award for an agricultural income generation component of their project. Congratulations Martin!
This project in Zambia has four agricultural components:
  • An Agricultural Income Generation Program
  • An Animal Husbandry Program
  • A Land-Use Management Plan
  • A Climate Smart Agricultural Practices Program
Family Gardens Food Security and Nutrition
For many people living in the cycle of poverty, the idea of starting a kitchen garden might seem overwhelming. It could be the time investment, it might be perceived costs. It might be a lack of know-how: what to plant, how to plant and how to care for a garden. However, the positive benefits make it worthwhile enabling community members in gardening for nutrition.

Start small, think simple. The purpose of the first year's garden is to give the participants a win—so that they will be encouraged to plant again the following year. Even if they plant only one bed, 1 meter by 4 meters, they should be able to get positive, delicious, nutritious results. Follow the link to download the field guide and how-to card.
Project of the Month Martha Njoroge's home garden program for HIV+ children in Kenya
Martha works with the Wamumbi Orphan Care as a Project Manager organizing events for the orphaned children they  support. Martha has partnered with Kathy Tate-Bradish (US) and Genevieve Lamond (UK). Follow the link to see field reports and photos.Martha, Kathy and Genevieve have developed a project which includes these programs:
  • HIV/AIDS an Sexual Health Education Program
  • Advocacy Program with Guardians and Health Care Providers
  • Family Garden and Nutrition Program
  • Farmer Soil and Water Conservation and Management Program
 News from the Field
CSDi students face critical danger in the communities where they work
Suleiman Barau Kadana works for People Oriented Development of ECWA as a facilitator and training officer in northern Nigeria. Sule is just finishing his second course at CSDi—he has one more assignment to turn in and he has just written:
"Regarding my week 6 assignment—due to tension in Northern Nigeria I am unable to get it done." The Boko Haram bombed 3 Christian churches in his town on the 17th—50 people died.
I'm impressed that field staff working under dangerous conditions and taking our courses continue to develop their projects, send in reports & assignments—and sign up for new courses.
 CSDi News
CSDi is Growing! | iLearning | Facebook | Dev Community| Newsletter | Free Resource Membership
Growth at the Center has been spectacular thanks to you. I'm writing to tell you about a few of our achievements & to show you a few simple ways that you can help us grow more.
What's happening in the region where you live?
Please write us with your stories, thoughts and comments through Online.Learning@csd-i.org or post them at our Facebook Page.
Be sure to visit CSDi’s Development Community. Join 700 colleagues in sharing resources & collaborating online.

Like us: CSDi Facebook.
I look forward to hearing from you.
Tim Magee, Executive Director
Would you like to subscribe to this newsletter?
The Center for Sustainable Development specializes in providing sound, evidence-based information, tools and training for humanitarian development professionals worldwide. CSDi is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization.
We are pleased to draw your attention to a new Guide released by UNDP-UNEP. This guide provides practical, step-by-step guidance on how governments and other national actors can mainstream climate change adaptation into national development planning as part of broader mainstreaming efforts.

Guatemala: Walmart Giving Agricultural Workshops to Smallholder Farmers

A couple of weeks ago I wrote a blog on "Making Markets Work for Smallholder Farmers." I've long been an advocate for identifying a potential market before proposing that community members engage in micro-enterprise development. Successful traders of products—like agricultural produce—frequently have more demand than they have supply.

If you can identify the successful traders, and create a market link with them, community members such as smallholder farmers can request of them training, extension, and microloans of seed and fertilizer. Successful traders are often eager to do this if it means that they can increase product supply.

A recent article in Freshplaza.com noted that Walmart (the world's third largest public corporation and the world's biggest private employer) who has operations in Guatemala is giving agricultural workshops to smallholder farmers. These workshops are aimed at improving the quality of production and also welfare in the regions where the workshops are being given.

Eight workshops were recently given to 488 producers in five departments. "A priority for us is to support the producer while seeking excellence in the quality of the products we offer." According to Marcio Cuevas, Walmart's corporate affairs manager in Mexico and Central America.

Aside from improving produce quality for inclusion in their supermarkets, an underlying theme of the project is aimed at improving the quality of living in participating communities.

Wal-Mart rewarded the 24 best producers offering a Good Agricultural Practices certificate.

The program looks at the quality of life in participating communities and the quality of produce by checking the drink ability of water, the microbiological quality of products, and an analysis of pesticide residues.

So this is an example of connecting smallholder farmers to one of the largest corporations in the world—and Walmart is promoting this concept. That means that there are also other buyers—wholesale buyers, exporters, food processors, local open-air markets, and local grocery store chains—who will work with smallholder farmers in order to maintain access to high-quality produce.

This is not restricted to agriculture. Looking for an existing market can apply to the tourism industry, manufacturing, the clothing industry, environmental restoration, and commodity agriculture such as sugar, cacao and coffee.

Developing a survey to determine what businesses are routinely in need of products and services that match your community's capabilities is not that difficult. It can make your income generation project successful and sustainable for your community.

Questions? Please contact:


Tim Magee, Executive Director
Center for Sustainable Development

Upcoming Online Field Courses. September 4: learn about the courses where students develop projects in the field.

Like us: CSDi Facebook.

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The Center for Sustainable Development specializes in providing sound, evidence-based information, tools and training for humanitarian development professionals worldwide. CSDi is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization.