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Tuesday
Oct092012

Climate Smart Agriculture: Empirical Evidence 

The FAO recently published: Climate Smart Agriculture: Empirical Evidence of Food Security and Mitigation Benefits from Improved Crop Land Management.

Climate Smart Agriculture: Empirical Evidence

I've been teaching a climate smart agriculture course. Depleted soils, unreliable access to water, outmoded agricultural practices and a lack of coping strategies for adapting to a changing climate are leading to reduced agricultural productivity, income generation, and food security for smallholder farmers worldwide.

Course participants have been researching potential solution oriented techniques that smallholder farmers can use to begin selling these challenges. The solutions range from conservation agriculture, to maintaining crop residues in the field, crop rotations and mixed cropping that incorporate legumes, improved crop varieties such as early maturing and drought resistant crops, building barriers in the fields to retard the movement of water, and agroforestry.

I was delighted to discover this new resource which has investigated each of the techniques that the students have been incorporating into their projects.

This document looks at 171 scientific studies that analyze the impact of utilizing the types of techniques that we've been studying in this course. The study looks at production increases at the farm level, profit increase at the farm level, food security potential, and mitigation potential.

The papers which they studied from all over the world show that these techniques that are studying can increase productivity from between 45% to over 200%, and can increase average farm income from 40% to 161%. They also show that some of the techniques are more appropriate for dry regions and other techniques are more appropriate for moist regions. These techniques can also increase food security by between 55% and 164%, and make a significant increase in the amount of carbon sequestered in soil.

Check out this valuable resource.

What's happening in the region where you live?

Please write us with your stories, thoughts and comments through Online.Learning@csd-i.org or post them at our Facebook Page, or on the Center’s Blog.

 
Be sure to visit CSDi’s Development Community. Join 700 colleagues in sharing resources & collaborating online.
Would you likje to learn about Climate Smart Agriculture?
 
I look forward to hearing from you.
 
Sincerely,
 
Tim Magee, Executive Director
 
Would you like to subscribe to this newsletter?
 
The Center for Sustainable Development specializes in providing sound, evidence-based information, tools and training for humanitarian development professionals worldwide. CSDi is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization.
Monday
Oct012012

Earthscan Sets Publication Date Set for Field Guide to CBA

Routledge has announced the publication date for the New Earthscan book by Tim Magee—Field Guide to Community Based Adaptation: December 17. The book is near the end of the typesetting process and should be going to press in October.

A Field Guide to Community Based Adaptation

A Field Guide to Community Based Adaptation
By Tim Magee
Foreword by Howard White

To Be Published December 17th 2012 by Routledge – 192 pages

The world's poor will be the most critically affected by a changing climate—and yet their current plight isn't improving rapidly enough to fulfill the UN’s Millennium Development Goals. If experienced development organizations are finding it difficult to solve decades-old development problems, how will they additionally solve new challenges driven by climate change? A Field Guide to Community Based Adaptation illustrates how including community members in project design and co-management leads to long-lasting, successful achievement of development and adaptation goals.

This field guide provides a system of building block activities for staff on the ground to use in developing and implementing successful adaptation to climate change projects that can be co-managed and sustained by communities. Based on years of use in 129 different countries, the techniques illustrated in this field guide use a step-by-step progression to lead readers through problem assessment, project design, implementation, and community take over. The book equips development staff with all the tools and techniques they need to improve current project effectiveness, to introduce community based adaptation into organizational programming and to generate new projects. The techniques provided can be applied to broad range of challenges, from agriculture and soil and water challenges, to health concerns, flood defences and market development. The book is supported by a user-friendly website updated by the author, where readers can download online resources for each chapter which they can tailor to their own specific projects.

This practical guide is accessible to all levels of development staff and practitioners, as well as to students of development and environmental studies.

Thursday
Aug302012

Participatory Community Afforestation Adaptation Program in Bangladesh

Putiajani village, Bangladesh

In July, partners Michael Chew (Australia/Bangladesh), Sabrin Sultana (Bangladesh), and Elijah Mujuri (Kenya) began developing a project that addresses the challenges villagers face from deforestation through Concern Universal Bangladesh.

The Concern's main project goal was to ‘Effectively integrate community based climate change adaptation and community managed disaster risk reduction in the socio-economic development process of local peoples.

Women mapping out community challenges with a problem tree

One Village, Putiajani village had not had any DRR/CC assessments or interventions. We therefore choose this as our sample community,. We attended the village on 3 August, and convened at meeting with 14 people – 12 females and 2 males.

There was a collective brainstorm regarding hazards facing the village, and then each person was able to vote on the list with 10 seeds. In analyzing the community's needs assessment we wrote the following problem statement:

1245 people of the village of Putiajani in the Manikganj district of Bangladesh are frequently affected by flooding and river erosion caused by the cutting of trees, Unsustainable Agricultural Practices, Climate variability and Sea level rise. These challenges have a negative impact on homesteads, livelihoods, crop yields, arable farmland and transportation routes, human and livestock health and an increase in river sedimentation. Flood waters become contaminated with sewer water causing an outbreak of diarrheal diseases, and an influx of mosquitoes—and also interfere with potable water sources and transport within.

Women voting during needs assessment

After thoroughly researching potential project activities we developed a simple, preliminary draft of a project outline which includes a Participatory Community Afforestation Program:

[Problem 2]. River erosion
Participatory Community Afforestation Program
[Solution to underlying causes: cutting of trees and river sedimentation and sea level rise]:
[Activity 1]. Workshop and follow-up in participatory community afforestation and agro-forestry training and support
[Activity 2]. Forming groups for establishment and management of tree nurseries, tree species selection, planting seeds workshop and follow-up
[Activity 3]. Planting trees along the riparian zones, catchment rehabilitation, protection and conservation

Women listening to vote tally

There is also a sustainable agriculture program that works hand-in-hand witht e afforestation program:

[Problem 1]. Flood
Sustainable Agriculture Program
[Solution to underlying cause: unsustainable agricultural practices]:
[Activity 1]. Training on conservation agriculture
[Activity 2]. Soil and water conservation training and follow up - in farms and along river catchment area/river ecosystem
[Activity 3]. Riparian/riverbanks reforestation and soil stabilization, dykes construction and

rehabilitation

Download their report and project outline here:
Solution Oriented Project Outline.

What's happening in the region where you live?
Please write us with your stories, thoughts and comments through Online.Learning@csd-i.org or post them at our Facebook Page, or on the Center’s Blog.

 
Be sure to visit CSDi’s Development Community. Join 700 colleagues in sharing resources & collaborating online.
 
I look forward to hearing from you.
 
Sincerely,
 
Tim Magee, Executive Director
 
Would you like to subscribe to this newsletter?
 
The Center for Sustainable Development specializes in providing sound, evidence-based information, tools and training for humanitarian development professionals worldwide. CSDi is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization.